A recent study from Northern Illinois University ranked Virginia as the second-hardest state to vote in, falling behind only Mississippi, the Virginia Mercury reports.
The study used a “Cost of Voting Index,” which judged states based on the ease of registration and other voting laws, with registration deadlines carrying the most weight.
Authors of the study considered whether states allow voters to register on Election Day, register online, extend voting rights to convicted felons and if there is automatic voter registration. Voter ID laws also factored into the ranking, as well as early and mail-in voting practices.
In Virginia, residents can register to vote online, but have to do so a month before Election Day. Two years ago, Gov. Terry McAuliffe started the process of restoring voting rights to 200,000 convicted felons.
His effort hit several snags, including a court challenge from Republicans, who claimed he was trying to stack the voter rolls with people who would vote for Hillary Clinton – one of McAuliffe’s close political allies- in the presidential election.
Virginia allows mail-in and in-person absentee voting that can be done before Election Day, but voters must have an approved reason, so there is no true early voting in the state. Virginia also requires a photo I.D. at the polls, and will give voters a free photo I.D. card if they don’t have their own.
“The study does give us some very substantive findings that we can report about the effect on voter turnout,” said one of the study’s authors, Scot Schraufnagel, chair of the Department of Political Science at Northern Illinois University. “There also are implications for civil rights. We know, anecdotally, states with larger African-American populations have higher ‘cost of voting’ values.”
Those efforts failed last session in the majority Republican Privileges and Elections Committee.
“Our ranking is not surprising,” Democratic Del. Schuyler VanValkenburg tweeted about the study. “It needs to change.”
Rounding out the top five hardest states to vote in behind Mississippi (No. 1) and Virginia (No. 2) were Tennessee, Kentucky and Indiana (tie), and Texas.
The Virginia Mercury is a new, nonpartisan, nonprofit news organization covering Virginia government and policy.