An estimated more than five million Americans experience low back pain. Chronic low back pain is the most common reason for disability in adults 45 years old and younger, and the most frequent symptomatic reason for visiting a physicians office and work absenteeism. Annual direct medical costs have been stated to approximate US $25 billion in the diagnosis, treatment, and lost productivity. Approximately 1/5 of the general population suffers from ongoing neck pain sometimes associated with arm and/or forearm pain.
Most of these painful spinal disorders can be diagnosed and treated non-surgically. However, certain spinal conditions or injuries are appropriately treated with surgical options. Yet, these surgical measures are becoming more and more minimally invasive.